Ten Ways Camps Can Reduce Nature-Deficit Disorder and Build Support for Their Programs

About the Author

Richard Louv is Co-Founder and Chairman Emeritus of the Children & Nature Network, an organization supporting the international movement to connect children, their families and their communities to the natural world. He is the author of nine books, including "Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children from Nature-Deficit Disorder" and "The Nature Principle." His newest book, "Vitamin N," offers 500 ways to build a nature-rich life. In 2008, he was awarded the Audubon Medal.

Adapted from keynote address, American Camp Association National Conference, Feb. 22, 2012

When I was a teenager, I resented camp. Because I never went to camp.

Every summer, my buddy Pete would disappear for weeks. He’d leave Kansas and head to Sanborn Western Camp in the mountains west of Colorado Springs. For me, the hot, humid weeks dragged on. Then he’d come home telling tales of adventure in the alpine Oz.

Stories like this: “Once while picking ground plums, which tasted like raw green beans, we uncovered an ancient hunting site full of arrowheads, charcoal and flint chips.” He also had encounters with bears, coyotes, and mountain lions.

What could be better than that?

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Today, Pete often talks about what he learned during those summers in Colorado, especially the values of community and nature, and how his camp adventures amplified his later life. He works as a Montessori teacher now, exciting his students’ imaginations with stories of wild creatures, large and small, just as he told them to me. And filling his classrooms with life.

Since Pete’s treks to Colorado, the core values of most camps have remained strong. But times have changed. I recently asked Barry Garst, the American Camp Association’s Director of Program Development and Research Application, about the trends shaping the future of camps, especially those with a nature emphasis.

Among the trends: a gradual increase in camp participation, with day camps (some in urban areas) increasing in number faster than resident camps. Family-oriented camps are also increasing, and that trend is associated with another growing subset of camps that address the challenges and capacities of young people with medical disorders.

Some camps remain nature-centric, he said. More often, camps provide a mix of experiences, wild, domesticated and technological. “They wouldn’t necessarily call themselves nature-based camps,” he said. “But they do get kids outside in nature. Few places other than camps provide children with the opportunity and freedom to connect with nature and also caring mentors.”

Now and then we read stories about camps shutting down or selling their land to make up for budget shortfalls or to consolidate services. Still, Garst points out that ACA camps are responsible for preserving as many as 170,000 acres of undeveloped land, an area 30,000 acres larger than Zion National Park. Still, traditional camps could use a little help.

So how can nature-oriented camps thrive in the future? How can they reach more children? Here are a few possibilities, some already becoming reality:

1. Strengthen camp alumni groups. More often than not, camp alumni are faithful financial supporters. Social networking is already gathering alumni across great geographic distances. Garst and I talked about the possibility of creating a free, downloadable toolkit for camps on how to use Facebook, Twitter and other social networking methods to build alumni groups and attract financial support. Also, offer ways for kids and camp staff to electronically share their experiences.

2. Jenny Morgan, founder and co-chair of The Leave No Child Inside Central Ohio Collaborative, suggests that traditional camps, some of which are at risk of closing or may have already closed—often a great loss—need a “national preservation campaign.” Of course, supporting ACA also helps.

3. Encourage young and older people involved in camps to take nature back to their own families and communities. Send every child home with C&NN’s free Family Nature Club Tool Kit, which shows parents how to join with other families to get outside. ACA is one of the sponsors of that tool kit. Other groups also offer good tools and events, including the National Wildlife Federation’s annual Great American Backyard Campout.

4. Help create a Homegrown National Park. Doug Tallamy, a professor at the University of Delaware, encourages people to replant their yards with native species to create a vast network of biodiversity corridors — ones that help make our cities into biodiversity engines, improving human health and well being. Camps could dedicate part of their own land to the cause, and encourage campers to plant native plants to create bird and butterfly zones at home.

5. To adjust to the changing demographic makeup of the nation, camps can increase their knowledge of “natural cultural capacity” — the strengths and abilities of different cultures to connect with the natural world. What can our diverse cultures teach one another?

6. Work more closely with pediatricians and other health professionals, especially those now recommending nature to their patients for better health. Some park districts are partnering with pediatricians who write “park prescriptions.” Why not encourage camp prescriptions?

7. Create new and expand current community partnerships, including ones with educators, who are becoming more aware of the cognitive benefits of learning in nature (including the fact that most science is learned outside the school classroom).

8. Camps can take a leadership role, along with conservation and environmental education groups, in helping libraries become nature information centers for their bioregions — and in the process build their own constituency. Faith-based camps can do much to engage churches, synagogues and other religious organizations with this issue.

9. Help educate parents and children about the benefits of nature to children’s ability to learn and their mental and physical health, the bonds of their families, and to the fulness of their lives.

10. Help lead a new nature movement. ACA and individual camps should be major players in an emerging, broad-based effort that includes and goes beyond traditional definitions of environmentalism and sustainability. They can help people imagine and create a society in which our lives are as immersed in nature every day — where we live, work, learn, play (and camp) — as they are in technology.

Whatever tools camps use, old or new, the greatest gift they can give is a reborn sense of wonder. In that spirit, I’ll offer a story my buddy Pete brought back from that Colorado camp. He told me he saw wolves, one white and one black. He added, “Only the kids with me believed me.”

I was one of those who didn’t believe that Pete had encountered wolves. But recently, I checked the history. The Colorado Department of Resources reports that, while wolves were, by official measure, eradicated in the 1930s, “there have been sporadic reports of wolves in Colorado over the decades” — none confirmed. They may have been wolf-hybrids or dogs or, just maybe, wolves.

One more reason I wished I could have gone to summer camp.


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Richard Louv is co-founder and chairman emeritus of The Children & Nature Network, and author of “The Nature Principle” and “Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children from Nature-Deficit Disorder.”

Other resources:

“Camp Revival”

“Want Your Kids to Get Into Harvard? Tell ‘em to Go Outside!”

“Using the Nature Principle and Camps to Reduce Nature-Deficit Disorder — for Children and Adults”

Get Your Mind Dirty,” an article about the use of the senses in Outside magazine.

“Ten Reasons Why Children and Adults Need Vitamin N”

 Photo: R.L.


  1. What about Scouting? Cub Scouts and Boy Scouts gets more young people out into nature than any other organized group. Are there some BSA policies that need updating to be more inclusive? Arguably yes. But they are rarely invoked or even discussed on the local level where Scouting actually happens.

  2. Yes scouting does bring kids outside. But what it doesn’t do is give them unsupervised time in nature, a chance to explore on their own. Camps can do this (and many do).

  3. Thank you for the wonderful article. Nature-themed camps are so important for the young and old.

  4. Kentucky Fish & Wildlife Resources has had week long nature and outdoor skills camps for 10 weeks each summer since the 1950s at three Kentucky tourism resort locations. Some 2,000 students ages 10-13 attend each camp. Our slogan is the ” The Week that Lasts a Lifetime”. We often have campers whose families have attended our camps for multiple generations.

  5. Great read. Camps have taken on a new significant in recent years. Increasingly children and teens are tied to the TV and their consoles. They need a bit of encouragement to appreciate nature and rediscover that ‘sense of wonder’ sometimes. It’s an appreciation that can last a lifetime.

  6. As a long time staff member at Philmont Scout Ranch (the world’s largest youth camp both in area in and participants) I can tell you that many requirements for scouting ranks, merit badges, special awards and high adventure programs require time alone. the Merit badge for wilderness survival require a night in a structure the scout built. Nature merit badge requires flora and fauna tallys over over several weeks (time in quiet observation). Many more have similar requirements. Many programs for older scouts require a day or night alone with an emphasis on God, Nature and Self. Although scouting is changing alot to keep kids involved that do not like the outdoors (yet) it is true Scouts are one of the largest user groups in the US, if not the world. And even organzied outdoor time is a step toward young men and women choosing as individuals to venture farther and more frequently into exploration.



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