Research Library

We provide detailed summaries and citations for peer-reviewed research articles as well as links to those that are publicly available, or to publishers’ websites when not publicly available. Access via an educational institution or payment may be required in some cases to access full studies and source documents.

Your search returned the following 147 results.

How does psychological restoration work in children? An exploratory study

Both place and activity influenced children’s perception of restorativeness in three different experimental conditions with varying degrees of naturalness

Benefits of nature contact for children

Research findings make a compelling case for incorporating into community plans provisions for access to nature in the places where children live, play, and learn

Curious play: Children’s exploration of nature

Curiosity, not risk, may be the motivating factor in children’s playful engagement with nature.

Let’s play at the park! Family pathways promoting spiritual resources to inspire nature, pretend play, storytelling, intergenerational play and celebrations.

Playful activities in outdoor natural spaces can support the holistic development of young children and promote their spirituality.

Why do children not play in nearby nature? Results from a Norwegian survey

Parents identified social factors related to time pressures as a greater barrier for children’s engagement with nearby nature than accessibility and attributes in the physical landscape.

‘The woods is a more free space for children to be creative; their imagination kind of sparks out there’: exploring young children’s cognitive play opportunities in natural, manufactured and mixed outdoor preschool zones

Natural and mixed (natural combined with manufactured) playgrounds yield more opportunities for cognitive play, challenging experiences, and knowledge of the environment than traditional playgrounds.

A repeated measurement study investigating the impact of school outdoor environment upon physical activity across ages and seasons in Swedish second, fifth and eighth graders.

Vegetation and woodlands in schoolyards lead to increased physical activity levels in children, but the effects depend on gender

School recess and group classroom behavior

Children’s classroom behavior is better if they have recess

Children's pastimes and play in sixteen nations

Children’s activities outside of school are similar across nations

Frequency and rates of outdoor activities, and perceptions of places to perform these activities by Native Americans and Caucasians interviewed in Tennessee

Land management decisions should consider the varying outdoor activities and ecosystem values of different populations

Time spent playing outdoors after school and its relationship with independent mobility: A cross-sectional survey of children aged 10-12 years in Sydney, Australia

Children’s independent mobility influences their outdoor activity

Where are youth active? Roles of proximity, active transport, and built environment

Being able to bike/walk to community recreation sites is an important determinant of how frequently they are used

Preschool outdoor play environment may combine promotion of children's physical activity and sun protection. Further evidence from Southern Sweden and North Carolina

Green playgrounds promote both physical activity and sun protective behavior in young children

Does playground improvement increase physical activity among children? A quasi-experimental study of a natural experiment

Impact of playground design changes on usage and physical activity may depend on gender, parent perceptions and play affordances

The architecture of children’s relationships with nature: A phenomenographic investigation seen through drawings and written narratives of elementary students

Elementary school children self-report evolving strong positive connections with nature

The neighborhood and home environments: Disparate relationships with physical activity and sedentary behaviors in youth

To increase children’s physical activity, planners need to design environments that support active living and parents should limit access to television


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